Due to the slow onset of bronchitis and therefore the presence of an time period , the symptoms aren't obvious and may be easily overlooked. it's relatively difficult to treat them after the disease has worsened. so as to form everyone conscious of this disease, it's to let everyone realize the seriousness of this disease, prevent everyone from neglecting and not getting to effective treatment, especially to introduce the harm that bronchitis may bring back everyone.
Experts said that bronchitis may be a chronic non-specific inflammation of the trachea, bronchial mucosa and surrounding tissues. Its pathological features are bronchial gland hyperplasia and increased mucus secretion. Clinically, there are cough, sputum, or wheezing for quite two consecutive years and quite 3 months. bronchitis isn't only the harm of the disease itself to human health. If it's not controlled during a timely and obvious manner, a series of complications will appear during a few years. Over time, these complications will prevail and can threaten the physical body , Health and even life.
So, what are the hazards of chronic bronchitis?
1. Tuberculosis is one among the hazards of bronchitis . Active tuberculosis is usually amid symptoms like low fever, fatigue, night sweats, and hemoptysis; the degree of cough and sputum is said to the activity of tuberculosis. X-ray examination can find lung lesions, sputum tuberculosis test positive, toxic symptoms of tuberculosis within the elderly isn't obvious, actually because of bronchitis symptoms, long-term undetected, special attention should be paid.
2. Bronchiectasis. Occurs in children or adolescence, often secondary to measles, pneumonia or pertussis , with repeated symptoms of massive pus and hemoptysis. Wet rales are often heard within the lower lungs. it's one among the hazards of bronchitis . Chest X-ray examination deepened the bronchial shadows of the lower lungs. Curly shadows were seen in those with severe lesions. Bronchial lipiodol imaging showed columnar or cystic bronchiectasis.
3. heart condition . The cough caused by lung congestion is usually dry cough with little sputum. Detailed medical record can reveal signs of heart condition like palpitations, shortness of breath, and edema of the lower extremities. Signs, X-rays, and electrocardiograms are all helpful for identification.
4. carcinoma is additionally one among the hazards of bronchitis . It often occurs in men over 40 years aged , long-term smokers, often with blood within the sputum and aggravating cough. Chest X-ray examination of the lungs for block shadows or obstructive pneumonia. Sputum exfoliated cells or fiberoptic bronchoscopy can confirm the diagnosis.
The onset of the disease seriously affects the patient's quality of life. Everyone must concentrate to bronchitis disease, in order that early detection and early treatment are often achieved. The treatment of bronchitis during the treatment of bronchitis is extremely critical to the treatment of this disease, which may effectively promote the recovery of bronchitis .
The first, concentrate to the diet: bronchitis patients should eat light, avoid spicy meaty. Should quit smoking and drink more tea, because smoking will cause increased respiratory secretions, reflex bronchospasm, difficulty in sputum production, which is conducive to the expansion and reproduction of viruses and bacteria, and further worsens bronchitis . Tea contains theophylline, which may excite sympathetic nerves, dilate the bronchi and relieve cough symptoms.
The second, quit smoking: cigarettes can cause airway immune function to say no , the longer the smoking time, the greater the quantity of smoking, the upper the prevalence. Tobacco and alcohol can damage the bronchial epithelium, easily irritate the tract and cause cough, which is detrimental to the treatment and prognosis of elderly bronchitis . additionally , indoor ventilation should be strengthened to avoid the inhalation of harmful dust, smoke and harmful gases.
The third. Respiratory muscle exercise: Respiratory muscle exercise can make respiratory muscles, especially diaphragm muscles strong and powerful, improve respiratory efficiency, promote sputum excretion, can mobilize the vitality of the entire body's system, reduce repeated bronchial, lung infections and acute attacks of inflammation. Patients with bronchitis can usually do controlled deep breathing exercise, breathing exercise, lip contraction and other exercises.
The last. Drink many water: Patients with severe bronchitis breathe open mouth, sweat more, eat less, often make the patient lose water, and make the sputum thick and tough to spit out. Therefore, add water in time and increase fluid intake. Preventing dehydration is extremely important. it's necessary to encourage patients with bronchitis to drink many water; if patients cannot eat and drink, intravenous fluids are often used, which is useful to dilute sputum and promote the discharge of viscous sputum. Patients with bronchitis with coronary failure should drink moderate amounts of water.
Even if the long-term slow-branch patients are asymptomatic, it's recommended to try to to home oxygen therapy if conditions permit, which can delay the event of emphysema, improve pulmonary hypertension, then delay the occurrence of pulmonary heart condition and improve the standard of lifetime of patients! briefly , home oxygen therapy is extremely beneficial to patients with chronic bronchitis!